名師簡介 The Masters

ip-man
葉問宗師
Grand Master Ip Man
1893 – 1972

葉問原名葉繼問,香港身份證上的名字為葉溢,祖籍廣東南海羅村鎮聯星譚頭村,出生於佛山,為詠春發揚人,師承陳華順及師伯梁璧,於1950年代在香港發揚詠春拳,被讚譽為「打手王」。他是武打巨星李小龍及「講手王」黃淳樑的師父。除了武術家身份之外,也具有中華民國國軍上校軍銜。

葉問自幼跟詠春拳名師陳華順習武,並得到二師兄吳仲素指導,對功夫極度熱愛。後因政局不穩其父於1909年將葉問送到香港讀書。 機緣巧合下葉問遇上師伯梁璧並跟隨他學習詠春。後來回鄉娶張永成為妻,並再次因為政局不穩來港定居。

來港之初,葉問得到好友港九飯店職工總會祕書李民介紹,寄居於深水埗大南街之港九飯店職工總會,當時梁相為該會主席,梁相自幼習武,於工餘在會館授拳,教授蔡李佛、龍形摩橋,他得知葉問曾習武而與其講手過招,因而拜服於其詠春功夫成為在港首名弟子。1952年,梁相連任失敗,葉問因而遷往海壇街授徒。

1954年,梁相重掌飯店總會,所以葉問又搬回,但因公會只可於工餘使用,所以眾師兄弟約在1955年相議設立固定館址,終在利達街設帳,李小龍此時加入。

葉問所傳的詠春拳有其系統,符合科學解釋。他未有習其他派別功夫,亦聲明不會改變傳統拳套。

當時的梁相在上海街葉步青家中學至木人樁中段。在其家安裝的木人樁亦是葉問來港所接觸的第一台木樁。全套108式樁法和八斬刀法皆在此時傳出。李小龍亦是此處的早期學生,鄰近巴士職工亦有多人來習武。

1962年鄧生探長得到師父王柱(梁相大弟子,詠春四虎中的短腳虎)引見執弟子禮,令到當時觀塘的警務人員下屬亦加入學習詠春拳。這時鄧生、彭錦發和籃賢等警察子弟發起成立聯誼會,在會中教拳,待經費自給自足之餘,部分與老人家退休生活。

葉問於1965年遷到通菜街的居所,實際上已封館不再授徒,只教相熟好友。宗師晚年最大的心願是集合同門組織成立一個聯會以發揚詠春拳。1966年起倡議,1968年以詠春聯誼會名義向香港警務處註冊成立社團,於彌敦道成立,後遷往旺角水渠道的自置會址,1974年更名詠春體育會,正式註冊成為非牟利的有限公司。

葉問於1950年代將詠春拳從中國大陸帶到香港,門下亦人材輩出。於1970年代起,葉問門人先後將詠春拳介紹到外國,從此詠春拳從香港繼而發展至全世界為人所熟悉。

Grand Master Ip Man grew up in a wealthy family in Foshan, Guangdong.He started learning Wing Chun at 7 years old from Chan Wah Shun and became Chan’s last student. Ip Man learned most of his skills and techniques from his Si Hing Wu Chung Sok. Before Chan Wah Shun died, one of his dying wishes was to have Wu continue teaching Ip Man.

Ip Man moved to Hong Kong at 16 and attended St. Stephen’s College. One day Ip saw a foreign police officer beating a woman and intervened. The officer attempted to attack Ip, but Ip knocked him down and ran to school with his classmate. Ip’s classmate later told an old man who lived in his apartment block. The man met with Ip and asked what martial art Ip practised. The man told Ip that his forms were “not too great”. The man challenged Ip’s Wing Chun. Ip saw this as an opportunity to prove that his abilities were good, but was defeated by the man after a few strikes. Ip’s opponent revealed himself to be Leung Bik, Chan Wah Shun’s senior and the son of Chan’s teacher, Leung Jan. After that encounter, Ip Man continued learning from Leung Bik.

Ip man returned to Foshan at 24 and became a policeman. He taught Wing Chun to several of his subordinates, friends and relatives, but did not officially run a school. Some of his better known informal students went on to teach students of their own and they passed down the art of Wing Chun in the Foshan and Guangdong region. Ip Man left Foshan for Hong Kong at the end of 1949 after the Chinese Communist Party won the Chinese Civil War and started teaching Wing Chun in Hong Kong.

Ip Man moved his school twice: first to Castle Peak Road in Shum Shui Po and then to Lee Tat Street in Yau Ma Tei. By then, some of his students had attained proficiency in Wing Chun and were able to start their own schools. Some of his students and descendants sparred with other martial artists to compare their skills and their victories helped increase Ip Man’s fame.

In 1967, Ip and some of his students established the Wing Chun Athletic Association.

Ip Man died on December 2, 1972 in his unit at 149 Tung Choi Street in Hong Kong, from throat cancer, only 7 months before the death of Bruce Lee.

Ip Man’s legacy is the global practice of Wing Chun. His most notable students include: Leung Sheung, Lok Yiu, Chu Shong Tin, Wong Shun Leung, Bruce Lee, Moy Yat.


leung_sheung

梁相師傅   
Grand Master Leung Sheung
1918 – 1978

標指王梁相原藉廣東南海,戰後來港經營飲食業。由於梁相熱心服務,多次推選為港九飯店工會理事長。 1950年葉問來港,因與飯店工會秘書李民有舊,李民在佛山亦隨吳仲素(葉問授業師兄)習詠春,一日梁相巧遇李民在練詠春圈手,喜出望外,乃透過李民,禮聘葉問到飯店工會授拳,並拜葉問為師,自始詠春拳術日進,後拜師人數日多,先後在廣東道、自由道、西洋菜街、彌敦道設館。

梁相本職廚師,約於1954年開始業餘授拳,後來被油麻地廟街大發財麻雀學校聘任為火頭。此時在麻雀館工作的鄭氏兄弟(鄭北及鄭福)相隨學拳。

梁相曾於1955年至1956年離港到澳門工作,並將門下四虎寄業問公。當中廟街二虎,笑面虎鄭北及玉面虎鄭福正是梁挺的舅父。梁相1956年回港,在自由道正式設帳。梁挺兩兄弟亦先後於1960年經舅父鄭福引領向梁相拜師,在這裡學習。

梁相於1968年領導同門協助葉問宗師成立詠春體育會,並任第一屆董事長及歷任多屆董事和會長等職,與尋橋王駱耀、念頭王徐尚田、講手王黃淳梁齊名,對於詠春的推廣功不可抺。 1978年因病逝世,終年六十二歲。

Leung Sheung (1918 – 1978) was a Chinese martial artist who studied Wing Chun Kung Fu who is known as the senior-most student of Ip Man in Hong Kong. Leung Sheung was widely acknowledged for his superior skill and practical application. Although being credited with being a premier student of Ip Man, Leung Sheung was an extremely humble man. He spoke about his Wing Chun abilities in overly modest terms, preferring to instead elevate Ip Man’s martial prowess. However, being one of the few close-door students of Ip Man while living and studying under him for many years, as well as being Ip Man’s first student in Hong Kong, Leung presented Yip Man with obvious reason to train him well. It was Leung Sheung’s undeniable abilities that played a significant role in promoting and building Ip Man’s Wing Chun in Hong Kong. Leung Sheung, along with Lok Yiu and Chu Shong Tin are considered to be the three closed-door students of Ip Man.


cheng_bi

鄭北師傅   
Master Cheng Bi
1933 – 1985

人稱雙番北,「無花雙番北,打乜都食得」,以喻其武功了得,逢人必克,但因個性沉默寡言, 行事低調, 其所作所為除同輩先賢耳熟能詳外, 現存在世的文字紀錄著實不多!

鄭北宗師原籍中山濠頭村,原名鄭兆北,從少頑皮成性,有混世魔王之稱號。生長於大家庭, 兄弟姊妹共十人, 鄭北排行第六。亦為梁挻的舅父(其二姊嫁予梁挻的父親),是梁挻第一位詠春師傅(後隨梁相師傅),未學詠春前,已修練佛家功夫十多年,有極高的武學底子,曾於廣州悅東國術社學技,師承宗師梁沛(外號豬油沛)。

上世紀解放後生活艱難,21歲的鄭北來港定居,與詠春因此結下不解之緣。1954年,自持一身滾瓜熟練的佛家拳法,心高氣傲的鄭北相約梁相比武並約法三章,輸的一方就要拜對方為師。奈何,無論如何積極進攻,都無法擊倒梁相,雖然梁相每次只在鄭北身上輕輕觸摸便算,沒有刻意傷害,但鄭仍多番不服,因為鄭北修練佛家功夫的時間,遠超梁相跟葉問學詠春的時間,結果足足試招試了一星期,鄭北才甘心拜服詠春拳技,遵守承諾,放棄佛家拳法,從此拜師梁相並專心硏習詠春拳。後成為詠春四虎之一(四虎為,大師兄矮腳虎王柱,二師兄長腳虎郭強,三師兄笑面虎鄭北及玉面虎鄭福)。其後因緣際遇,寄師葉問,獲葉問親自指點重新修習改進所練之詠春拳,自跟隨葉問後越發覺詠春拳獨特之處,在洪水橋閉關三年專心苦練詠春杉樁,因而功力大進,更勝從前。

出關後,正直壯年的鄭北宗師,好勝心強,因麻雀館工作關係,很多機會與人交手,曾在廟街遇襲,遭十多人圍攻,卻反被鄭北(笑面虎)重創多人,一戰成名。與胞弟鄭福(玉面虎)有廟街二虎之名。麻雀館稱頌為“雙番北”,此亦為其外號來源。當時各門派間經常出現”講手”比武,鄭北宗師亦多次以詠春拳與別派名宿講手。曾於1960年與香港名拳師,外號 “東江閃電手”簽下生死狀比武,三招兩式重創對方。1965年其間,與當時武林名宿,外號“鬼腳”潘林閉門比武獲勝後,結為異姓兄弟,為當年人所樂道的一時佳話。1966年道派名師之子,上門邀約比試棍術,豈料兩招內被擊倒,名震香江。

鄭北宗師心繫故鄉,不忘盡己之力作出捐獻,幫助家鄉改善基本設施。晚年患病期間,曾言若果康復,定必回鄉開館教授同鄉子弟詠春拳。可惜事與願違,一病不起,終年五十二歲。

鄭北宗師醉心武術,推動不遺餘力,曾擔當多個團體顧問:
悅東國術社 – 永遠名譽國術總監
穗成體育會 – 永遠名譽國術總監
官塘社區中心 – 國術顧問
澳門羅良武館 – 永遠名譽國術總監
少俠國術社 – 永遠名譽國術總監
孔德光國術館 – 永遠名譽會長國術總監
澳門潘樹森 – 國術顧問
詠聯體育會 – 永遠名譽會長國術顧問
崔章國術社 – 永遠名譽會長國術顧問
李志能國術總會 – 永遠名譽會長國術顧問
本會於2016年1月應中山市濠頭地方政府的拜託,提供鄭北先師生平事蹟,以供後人景仰。

Master Cheng Bi was born in Zhong Shan, China. When growing up he was so naughty he was nicked named “Mighty Devil”. He first learned one of the ancient martial arts in a martial arts academy in Canton.
Master Cheng moved to Hong Kong in the 1950’s and he was soon devoted to the world of ‘Wing Chun’. Wing Chun was not well known at the period of time for it was not popular in Hong Kong. Master Cheng was proud of his martial art achievement and challenged Grand Master Leung Sheung for a fight, whoever lost would become the disciple of the other. Master Cheng tried his best but he lost the fight and kept his promise and started to practise Wing Chun under Grand Master Leung Sheung.
Master Cheng was keen to learn martial art, once he started practising Wing Chun he realised it’s uniqueness and gave up other forms of martial arts and dedicated to learn Wing Chun only, he moved to Hung Shui Kiu of New Territory where he practiced Wing Chun fiercely for three years.
Then the hot-blooded Master Cheng was at the prime of his life, after 3 years of studying Wing Chun, he single-handedly beaten up more than 10 people at Temple Street, This legendary fight has earned Master Cheng frame among the martial art community and a nickname of “Double Points of Bi”.
Master Cheng has also fought with one of the well-known martial arts masters – Poon Lam at that period of time. They became sworn brothers after the fight and it also became another legendary story of Master Cheng.


luk_chi_ling

陸志靈師傅
Master Luk Chi Ling

陸志靈師傅自小熱愛中國武術,自十二歲開始跟隨國術名師學習北少林武術,蔡李佛及太極拳。自覺學有所成的他經常相約別人比試,一次與一位街坊比試時,發現自己的攻擊全被對方輕鬆化解,完全處於下風。一問之下得知對方原來跟詠春名師鄭北學拳,他毫不猶豫馬上拜師,成為鄭北師傅之入室弟子。自十四歲起跟鄭師傅修習詠春拳,自此拳藝日精,深得其師真傳。後獲鄭北宗師付託開班授徒,發揚鄭北系詠春拳術及其武學精神,自次此潛心教拳,並於2001年正式註冊成立陸志靈詠春武術學會。

陸師傅為人友善,處事低調,凡事主張貴精不貴多,多年來小班教學,因材施教,傳授實戰式的鄭北詠春,雖極少作推廣宣傳,但弟子中有大部份都是慕名來試拳後帶藝投師。他所教之弟子曾於2008年6月由新武俠武術雜誌所舉辦的“香港國際功夫節世界英雄大會”比賽中連奪三面金牌及獎狀,戰績彪炳。

Master (Si Fu) Luk Chi Ling is one of the students of the well-known Wing Chun Master: Cheng Bi. He has learned Wing Chun Ku Fu since he was 10 with Master Cheng Bi; and was taught by Master Cheng Bi himself. After all, Master Luk has decided to teach Wing Chun Ku Fu in public to prove Master Cheng Bi’s skill and theory are unique. Therefore, Luk Chi Ling Wing Chun Ku Fu Association is established in 2001.