Wing Chun is an efficient form of martial art which is effective, streamlined and highly simplified, with only 3 unarmed and 2 weapon forms within the style. The style was developed by the Shaolin nun Ng Mui. Ng Mui taught a new Kung Fu style which combined the best techniques from the broad array of traditional Shaolin kung fu, into simple, master style to a young lady named Yim Wing Chun, so she could defeat a warlord who wanted to force her into marriage with little effort, using his energy against him. The style was subsequently named Wing Chun. Wing Chun Style was then passed on through the years, until more recently when Ip Man learned the style and taught it to many people, including Bruce Lee who introduced Wing Chun Kung Fu to the western world.
Use Energy Wisely
Use of energy is a very important aspect of Wing Chun. Use energy only when you need it. The opponent only feels it at the moment of impact so strength should only be used just before impact.
If you are tense you are using your strength to create muscle tension which slow and tire you down. In Wing Chun you must learn how to use less energy to counter greater energy.
Economy of motion
All strikes and block go through the most direct route, the shortest distance in the quickest amount of time. Wing Chun moves are not big movements like other martial arts. It’s efficient and also helps conserve energy.
Centre line theory
Your centre line runs down the middle of your body, from the top of head, down through your chest to your groin which are the most vulnerable parts of your body. You must protect the centre line at all times with your defence and strikes. Everything in Wing Chun revolves around this theory.