詠春套路 Wing Chun Forms

葉問詠春有「三拳一樁一刀一棍」。三套拳法為小念頭、尋橋及標指。一樁為木人樁法。一刀一棍分別是詠春的近身短兵器八斬刀及長兵器六點半棍。

The Ip Man Wing Chun System includes three empty hand forms, which is Siu Lim Tau, Chum Kiu and Biu Ji. One Wooden Dummy form and two weapons forms which is the Luk Dim Boon Gwan pole form and the Baat Jam Dao knife form.


小念頭
Siu Lim Tau

siu lim tau

小念頭是詠春拳第一套套拳,包含詠春拳所有基本手法。此套路較為靜態,練習時需要全身放鬆,不可蓄力,每一個動作都必須輕柔,下盤馬步寸步不移,注意每個動作的位置。此套拳使練習者學會捨力及加強下盤馬步強度。

Siu Lim Tau is the first form and most important form in Wing Chun. It includes all basic techniques in Wing Chun and introduced the Centre Line theory, elbow power, inch power and the main stance of Wing Chun – the Yi Ji Kim Yeung Ma stance.


尋橋
Chum Kiu

chum kiu

尋橋是詠春拳的中級套拳,意思是「尋找敵人橋手」。尋橋不似小念頭般靜態,當中包含很多上馬,轉馬及起腳動作,例如轉馬膀手,踏步膀手,低膀手等,轉身攔手等動作。詠春拳攻擊時必需以馬步配合,增加攻擊力及靈活性做到逼步追打連綿不斷,使對手難以招架。常練尋橋可令馬步變得靈活穩固,是習詠春者不可或缺的一環。

Chum Kiu is the second form in Wing Chun, it means seeking the bridge. It consists techniques and movements designed to bridge the gap to your opponent. Chum Kiu form teaches footworks, advanced stances and kick techniques. It is a more dynamic form than Siu Lim Tau.


標指
Biu Ji

biu ji

標指是詠春拳的高級套路。所謂「標指不出門」,此套拳大部份都是攻擊手法,包含極多踭法,耍起看似柔弱,實則凌厲非常,兇猛迅速,殺傷力極大。因此不會隨便傳授予心術不正或功力不深之人。亦有傳標指是敗形拳法,因當中手法能使用者脫離逆境,扭轉形勢,轉敗為勝。

Biu Ji is the third form of Wing Chun. It means the Thrusting fingers. It referred as an emergency form which Biu Ji moves can help to get things back into a safe situation by recover and remain in control of the centre line when things go wrong in a fight. The moves in Biu Ji are quite deadly and powerful that can cause serious damage to the opponent.


木人樁法
Mook Yan Jong
(Wooden Dummy)

wooden dummy

拳訣有云:「化拆求對手,有師更需求,無師無對手,鏡與樁中求。」木人樁是詠春派的特別訓練工具,參照人體結構,由三條樁手及一條樁腳組成,當沒有對手練習時,亦可獨自對樁練習。因為詠春拳的木人樁法包含詠春拳所有手法,腳法及步法。練習者可以藉着木人樁糾正自己的動作,練習進馬的角度,位置及加強橋手的硬度。

Mook Yan Jong, the Wooden Dummy. Made from a wooden trunk with three wooden arms and a single leg. Students can refines the techniques on wooden dummy by imagining it’s the opponent and practice drilling angles, positions and footwork, it also helps to develope the hardness of forearms and fists.


六點半棍
Luk Dim Boon Gwan
(Six & a half point pole)

Luk dim boon gwan

六點半棍是詠春拳的長兵器。相傳是少林派至善禪師於清庭火燒少林寺後,逃難到紅船戲班之中傳授給梁二娣等戲班中人。梁二娣與詠春黃寶華為好友,兩人以刀換棍,將八斬刀及六點半棍法互相傳授,互補長短。後來共同收梁贊為徒,授予詠春拳及六點半棍法。自此六點半棍法成為詠春派必修兵器。此棍法原形為少林棍法,所以馬步與其他詠春套拳略有不同,但拳理相同,都以簡單直接為主。六點半棍亦是鍛鍊加強踭底力的有效工具。

Luk Dim Boon Gwan is a eight to thirteen feet long wooden pole. Principle of this pole form is the same as the empty arm forms of Wing Chun.


八斬刀
Baat Jam Dao
(Eight cut sword)

baat jaam do

詠春拳的短兵器,由兩把相同大小的刀組合而成。詠春派有句說話:「刀無雙發,棍無兩響」,意思是刀和棍都是一招了,不是你死,就是我亡。八斬刀是手的延伸,刀法動作都是由詠春手法演變出來。同樣的講求速度快,幅度少,簡單直接,着重手腕發力。

Baat Jam Dao, the eight cut sword is a short weapon of Wing Chun. When using a Baat Jam Dao, it follows the same principle of empty hand movement. This is because the use of the Baat Jam Dao is simply an extension of empty-handed combat.